My New Article on James H. Cone!

My very long and detailed article on James Cone was published back in December 2018. I was not aware of it. I just found out today.

“James H. Cone: The Vocation of Christian Theology and the Christian Church Today,” Africology: The Journal of Pan African Studies, vol.12, no.7, December 2018. pp. 8-58.

***Do look forward for two more articles I wrote on James Cone. One will be soon published; the other is currently under review.

Click to access 12.7-2-CLJoseph%20(1).pdf

Happy reading and let me what you think!

“The Call and Courage to Love When It Hurts”

“The Call and Courage to Love When It Hurts”

In the Gospels and Epistles, love is a command, an attitude, and a lifestyle that is distinctively marked the daily interactions and relationships of Jesus’s followers. In fact, in Christianity, love has a nature and an identity, and arguably is a person, as the Bible boldly declares, “God is love.” Love as a divine virtue and moral and ethical virtue comes with many challenges, defeats, and dissappointments. In spite of the complexity to love difficult people, as love is not a natural human virtue, love is the very essence of the Christian faith and the cross of Christ. Jesus commands his disciples to love their enemies and pray to those who persecute them. Apostle Paul states to do everything in love. The Hebrew Prophets compel us to pursue love, mercy and compassion as these threefold divine attribute summarize the greatness of God and God’s loving actions in the world and gracious interactions with human beings. Hence, God’s creation ought to imitate its Creator by being like Him. Those who love unconditionally and pursue love relentlessly are lke God and his natural children.

Tomorrow morning (Sunday, January 13) at Jesus Center, I will be sharing a few words about the biblical notion of love as a christian virtue and moral order for Jesus’s disciples. The call to love, even one’s enemies and rivals, is the way of Christ and is the most fulfilling way to imitate God and to become like Jesus.

I look forward to engaging you in this vital and practical conversation at 10:00 am, the time of our corporate worship at Jesus Center. You’re welcome to bring a friend with you.

Love has a name; its name is Jesus.

“Jacques-Jules Bonnaud, the First Haitian Jesuit in Colonial Saint-Domingue-Haiti”

“Jacques-Jules Bonnaud, the First Haitian Jesuit in Colonial Saint-Domingue-Haiti”

As I continue to work on Haiti’s colonial religious history, I discovered an interesting Haiti’s religious gem of colonial legacy: Jacques-Jules Bonnaud, the first Haitian Jesuit.

Father Bonnaud was born in Cap-Francais/Cap-Haitian/Okap in October 27, 1740–only three years before Toussaint Louverture was born in May 20, 1743/Bréda, Cap-Francais– to a French Father and an African mother; hence, he was a mulatto child.

As it was customary in Saint-Dominguan interracial relationships, at an early age, his parents sent the young Jacques-Jules to study in France. He attended La Flèche, a Jesuit High School, associated with the Compagnie de Jésus. In December 20, 1758–the same year Jean-Jacques Dessalines was born in Africa–, he entered the Jesuit order in Paris (des Jésuites de la Province de Paris) as a young seminarian; he was fifteen years old at the time.

The Jesuit Order appointed him as Professor at the Collège de Quimper in Bretagne (Brittany), France’s north-westernmost region. He taught there for two years until the King’s order to close the Compagnie de Jésus in 1762–the same year Britain entered the Seven Years’ War (1756-1763) against Spain and Naples. It was also in April in 1762 that Louis XV passed a decree for all black and mixed-race (mulatto) Frenchmen residing in France to register in the local municipal and with the offices of the Admiralty Court. On the government’s form, blacks and mulattoes had to declare their age, full name, religion, and reveal the purpose they were living in France. They were also to inform the government their place of birth and the name of the ship that transported them to France.

Jacques-Jules Bonnaud was ordained as Priest at the Grande Séminaire de l’archidiocèse de Paris. Due to unfortunate circumstances associating with the French Revolution, he was assassinated in 1792 at the Séminaire des Carmes in Paris. In 1926, the eleventh year of the American military occupation in Haiti (1915-1934), Pope Pius XI beatified Father Jacques-Jules Bonnaud rendering him the first Haitian Catholic Saint. Nonetheless, St. Martin de Porres is the first Black Saint in the Americas.

Arguably, Father Jacques-Jules Bonnaud, the first Haitian Jesuit, was a victim and martyr of the French Revolution.

***Consulted Sources:

Kawas Francois, “Sources Documenaires de l’Histoire des Jésuites en Haiti auc XVIIIe et XXe Siècles” (2006).

Henri Fouqueray, “Un Groupe de Martyrs de Septembre 1792” (1926)

José Luis Saez, “Un Màrtir Broto del Cabo, Santo Domingo” (1978).

Jean-William Hérivel, First Haitian to receive a degree in Theology from Université de France in 1887!

Jean-William Hérivel may have been the first Haitian to study Christian Theology at the Université de France–Académie de Paris (Facultè de théologie protestante de Paris). In July 9, 1887, at 4:00 pm–two years after Joseph Anténor Firmin, the first Black anthropologist, published in Paris and in 1885 “De l’égalité des Races Humaines (Anthropologie Positive)–Mr. Hérivel defended his thesis and was awarded a Bachelier en théologie (B.A., Theology).

Hérivel’s thesis, “Haiti: Au Point de Vue Religieux” (Haiti: A Religious Perspective) was published the same year in the prestigious “Alencon: Imprimerie Typographique F. Guy. The thesis is about 41 pages; French theologian Ed. Vaugher served as the supervisor of the thesis, and F. Lightenberger was the Dean of the School.

I have a hardcopy of this important work in my home library. Here are a few pictures from the text:

“Haitian History by Haitians: 25 Major Haitian Historians to Read to Really Understand Haiti’s National History and the Haitian Revolution”

“Haitian History by Haitians: 25 Major Haitian Historians to Read to Really Understand Haiti’s National History and the Haitian Revolution”

Let me begin by saying a Happy and Blessed New Year 2019 to all students of Haitian history. I have not intended the recommended list below to be an exhaustive list on the subject matter, but I have selected the most important (classic) works written by Haitian historians in the French language on Haiti’s national history and the Haitian Revolution. My recommendation is limited to twenty-five eminent classic historians. My audience is Haitianists and those have an interest (or are developing an interest) in Haitian studies and Haitian revolutionary scholarship. If the interested reader, historian, or scholar wants to have an exciting adventure about Haiti, why not begin this exploration with Haitian historians themselves to learn about their own perspective about their own history.

1. Valentin Pompée de Vastey, Le système colonial devoile (1814); Notes à M. le Baron de V. P. Malouet … en réfutation du 4ème volume de son ouvrage intitulé: Collection de mémoires sur les colonies, et particulièrement sur Saint-Domingue (1814); Essai sur les causes de la révolution et des guerres civiles en Haïti (1819) / Essai sur les causes de la révolution et des guerres civiles de Hayti (1823/1969).
2. Joseph Saint-Rémy, Vie de Toussaint L’Ouverture (1850); Mémoires du général Toussaint L’Ouverture (1853); Pétion et Haïti, étude monographique et historique. 5 vols. (1854-1857).
3. Thomas Madiou, Histoire d’Haïti. 1847-1848. 8 vol. Révisé et édité (1989-1991).
4. Céligny Ardouin, Essais sur l’histoire d’Haïti (1865).
5. Beaubrun Ardouin, Études sur l’histoire d’Haïti (1853-1860). Edité par François Dalencour. 11 vols.
6. Emile Nau, Histoire des caciques d’Haïti. 2 vols. (1854).
7. Louis-Joseph Janvier, La République d’Haïti et ses Visiteurs (1883); L’Egalité des Courses (1884); Haïti aux Haïtiens (1884); Les Constitutions d’Haïti (1886); Les Jacobins noirs (1949).
8. Alfred Auguste Nemours, Histoire de la captivité et de la mort de Toussaint-Louverture: notre pelerinage à fort de joux (1929); Histoire militaire de guerre d’indépendance de Saint-Domingue (1925); Les Borno dans l’histoire d’Haïti (1926); Les premiers citoyens et les premiers députés noirs et de couleur: la loi du 4 avril 1792, ses précédents, sa première demande à Saint-Domingue, d’après les documents inédits de l’époque, suivi de: Le Cap Français en 1792, à l’arrivée de Sonthonax, d’après les documents inédits de l’époque (1941); La Charte des Nations Unies: Comparaison de la Charte avec les propositions de Dumbarton Oaks, l’alliance de la Société des Nations, les conventions de la Haye, les propositions et doctrines interaméricaines (1945).
9. Horace Pauleus Sannon, Histoire de Toussaint-Louverture. 3 vol. (1920-1933); Haïti et le régime parlementaire (np); Un journaliste sous Boyer (1898).
10. Henock Trouillot, Historiographie d’Haïti (1953); Les origines sociales de la littérature haitienne (1962); Dessalines ou la tragédie post-coloniale (1966); Introduction à une histoire du vaudou (1970); Introduction à une histoire du vaudou (1983).
11. Ernst Trouillot, Demesvar Delorme, le journaliste, le diplomate (1958); Perspectives d’histoire de Saint Domingue et d’Haïti (1961); Code du travail François Duvalier (1980).
12. Jean Fouchard, Les marrons du syllabaire (1953); Plaisirs de Saint-Domingue: Regards sur le temps passé (1955); Langue et littérature des aborigènes d’Ayiti (1972); Les marrons haïtiens: liberté ou mort. Traduit par A. Faulkner (1981).
13. François Dalencour, Précis méthodique d’histoire d’Haïti: Cinq siècles d’histoire – 1942-1930 (1935); Fondation de la République d’Haïti par Alexandre Pétion (1944
14. Dantes Bellegarde, La résistance haitienne (l’occupation américaine d’Haïti) (1937); récit d’histoire contemporaine Écrivains haïtiens: notices biographiques et pages choisies (1947); Histoire du peuple haïtien (1492-1952) (1953).
15. Gérard Mentor Laurent, Six études sur Jean Jacques Dessalines (1950); Toussaint Louverture a travers sa correspondance (1953); Documentation historique pour nos étudiants (1960); Quands les chaines volents en eclats (1979).
16. Georges Corvington, Port-au-Prince au cours des assauts de la révolution (1972).
17. Edner Brutus, Révolution dans Saint-Domingue. 2 vols. (1973).
18. Adolphe Cabon, Histoire d’Haïti. 5 vols. (n.p).
19. Gergard Barthemy, Le pays en dehors: essai sur l’univers rural haitien (1989); Dans la splendeur d’après-midi d’histoire (1996); Créoles-Bosales: conflit en Haïti (2000).
20. Roger Dorsainvil, De Fatras Bâton à Toussaint Louverture (1983).
21. Leslie F. Manigat, Une date littéraire, un événement pédagogique – Essai, Port-au-Prince (1962); L’Amérique latine au XXe siècle: 1889-1929 (1991); Réflexions sur le rétablissement des relations diplomatiques entre Cuba et Haïti (1996).
22. Roger Gaillard, Les cent jours de Rosalvo Bobo (1973); Charlemagne Péralte le Caco (1982); La Guérilla de Batraville (1983).
23. Catts Pressoir, Eléments de géologie d’Haïti (1943); Le protestantisme haïtien (1945); … L’Enseignement de l’histoire en Haïti (1950).
24. Catts Pressoir, Eléments de géologie d’Haiti (1943); Le protestantisme haïtien (1945); …L’Enseignement de l’histoire en Haïti (1950); Haiti: monuments historiques et archeologiques (1952).
25. Timoléon C. Brutus, L’homme d’Airain, étude monographique sur Jean-Jacques Dessalines, fondateur de la nation haïtienne. Histoire de la vie d’un esclave devenu empereur jusqu’à sa mort, le 17 octobre 1806 (1946-7). 2 vols; Revolution de Saint-Domingue. 2 vols. (1973); Les plantes et les légumes d’Haïti qui guérissent: mille et une recettes pratiques (1989). 2 vols.

****The 26-writer bonus: Damase Pierre-Louis, Le President Borno et la Liberation du territoire (1924); Les mensonges de notre democratie (1933); Pouvoir et Politique (1934).

Now, you have no reason to complain that I have not given you any present for the New Year, 2019. Happy reading and research! 🙂